The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry, published by Paul Anastas and John Warner in Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice (Oxford University Press: New York, 1998) provide a road map for chemists to implement green chemistry.
Green chemistry technologies provide a number of benefits, including: Reduced waste, eliminating costly end-of-the-pipe treatments, Safer products, Reduced use of energy and resources, Improved competitiveness of chemical manufacturers and their customers.
12 Principles of Green Chemistry
- Prevent waste
- Design safer chemicals and products
- Design less hazardous chemical syntheses
- Use renewable feedstocks
- Use catalysts, not stoichiometric reagents
- Avoid chemical derivatives
- Maximize atom economy
- Use safer solvents and reaction conditions
- Increase energy efficiency
- Design chemicals and products to degrade after use
- Analyze in real time to prevent pollution
- Minimize the potential for accidents
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